common household pests
Here are some of the more common household pest in Texas. One of which are called Aphids. If you’re not familiar with these critters consider yourself lucky. They’ve been known to ruin flowers and plants over a weekend. Also known as plant lice, greenflies, black or even whiteflies, these small sap-sucking insects are enemies of farmers and gardeners around the world. Many of their species in Texas are green or dark brown in color. They are capable of extremely rapid increase in numbers by asexual reproduction. Aphids are among the most destructive insect pests on cultivated plants in temperate regions. Austin’s mild winters and warm summers make it a great nesting ground for this species. Ask us to treat your plants and shrubs for Aphids the next time you get your quarterly service.
Centipedes are elongated insects with one pair of legs per body segment. Some centipedes are known to be highly venomous, and often inject paralyzing venom. Despite the name, centipedes can have a varying number of legs, ranging from 30 to 354. Centipedes always have an odd number of pairs of legs therefore, no centipede has exactly 100 legs.
Earwigs are fairly abundant and are found in many areas around the world. There is no evidence that they transmit diseases to humans or other animals. Their pincers are commonly believed to be dangerous, but in reality, even the curved pincers of males cause little or no harm to humans. Earwigs have been known to sometimes crawl into the ears of humans, but they do not lay eggs inside the human body.
Silverfish are nocturnal insects typically 0.5–1 in long. Their abdomens taper at the end, giving them a fish-like appearance. The newly hatched are whitish, but develop a grayish hue and metallic shine as they get older.
The house cricket is typically gray or brownish in color, growing to 0.63–0.83 inches in length. Males and females look similar, but females will have an ovipositor emerging from the rear, around 0.47 inches long.
Millipedes are a group of arthopods that are characterised by having two pairs of jointed legs on most body segments; they are known scientifically as the class Diplopoda, the name being derived from this feature. Each double-legged segment is a result of two single segments fused together. Most millipedes have very elongated cylindrical or flattened bodies with more than 20 segments. Although the name “millipede” derives from the Latin for “thousand feet”, no known species has 1,000, the record is 750.
Unlike members of other woodlouse families, members of this family can roll into a ball, an ability they share with the outwardly similar but unrelated pill millipedes and other animals. This ability gives woodlice in this family their common names of pill bugs, roly polies, and doodle bugs. The best known species in the family is, the common pill bug. The roly polies are not native to the Americas, but instead were introduced from Europe.
Adult fleas grow to about 3 mm or .12 in long, are usually brown, and have bodies that are “flattened” sideways, or narrow, enabling them to move through their host’s fur or feathers. They lack wings, but have strong claws preventing them from being dislodged; mouthparts adapted for piercing skin and sucking blood, and hind legs extremely well adapted for jumping. They are able to leap a distance of some 50 times their body length. Fleas’ larvae are worm-like with no limbs; they have chewing mouthparts and feed on organic debris left on their host’s skin.
Almost all ticks belong to one of two major families, the hard ticks, and the soft ticks. Adults have ovoid or pear-shaped bodies which become engorged with blood when they feed, and eight legs. As well as having a hard shield on their dorsal surfaces, hard ticks have a beak-like structure at the front containing the mouthparts whereas soft ticks have their mouthparts on the underside of the body. Both families locate a potential host by odor or from changes in the environment.
Aphids are among the most destructive insect pests on cultivated plants in temperate regions. In addition to weakening the plant by sucking sap, they act as vectors for plant viruses and disfigure ornamental plants with deposits of honeydew and the subsequent growth of sooty moulds. Because of their ability to rapidly increase in numbers by asexual reproduction, they are a highly successful group of organisms from an ecological standpoint.
There are approximately 500 to 700 species worldwide. They can range in size from 1 to 12 mm. Key characteristics for adults are round oval shaped bodies covered in scales. The (usually) clubbed antennae fit into deep grooves.
Adult rice weevils are able to fly and can live for up to two years. Females lay 2-6 eggs per day and up to 300 over their lifetime. Control of weevils involves locating and removing all potentially infected food sources.
Indian-meal moths feed on a large range of plants, grains, and other human food products. The moth lives in a wide range of conditions, making it a persistent pest. It is often found at food storage facilities worldwide, specifically in grain bins or grain storage buildings. They can prove difficult to eradicate because they can fly and lay eggs in other sources.